Or, What happened with Jesus?
Based on how different Christian faiths view the Apostles’ Creed Though differences have emerged, all the conflict isn’t limited to party lines between Catholic and Protestant.
Article 5. On the third day he rose again from the dead:
All Christian faiths can agree the event of his resurrection seals the victory over the death on the cross that paid for eternal sins in the first place. The gospel of what God’s grace accomplished through Jesus, offers salvation to those who believe in him. But not all agree on how salvation is secured or applied to the believer. There is also a big difference in what the purpose of God’s grace means.
Most protestants acknowledge that man is Depraved and lost in a sinful nature under judgment. Without outside help, there is no other destination. By grace alone, by Christ payment alone, the Holy Spirit works conviction, repentance, leading to a transforming faith. The process is a Substitutionary penalty for all but is effective only to those responding to the spirit’s call.
The Protestant divergence on eternal security.
Calvinist leaning faiths say its secure. Salvation can’t be lost.
Those in General, or free will, or Arminian faiths say salvation can be lost by choice.
Is the purpose of grace only focused on eternity with God? How might it have a purpose in life now? God’s grace helps in this life by informing on what Holy living looks like, being sanctified, disciplined, devoted, and helping others to know God as well. Protestants may disagree on what this looks like but might agree it comes from empowerment by the holy spirit.
Catholic. While Jesus was victorious over death, it’s our works that secure salvation. Participating in worship, baptism, taking communion, penance, and others. To stop these daily is fatal. Jesus may have paid the price for sin, but his life serves to be our example to mimic. And we hold the power to maintain graces that preserve us. The sacraments have saving power.
Comparing a few protestant statements of faiths on the redemption of Jesus.
ABA (American Baptist Association): Jesus’s death is substitutionary for sin, affective to believers. Depraved man is saved by grace alone, through repentance, and faith in Christ.
SBC (Southern Baptist Convention): Redemption of man is offered freely to all who believe. Jesus paid for all for eternal redemption. Through faith in Christ alone, no other works.
AG (Assemblies of God): Christ is above all authority, purges sin, sends the Holy Spirit to cause men to confess Christ as lord. Man’s only hope for redemption is Christ’s shed blood. The condition of repentance to God is faith in Christ.
Inward evidence is the witness of the Holy Spirit to our spirit.
Outward evidence is a life of righteousness and holiness.
WCM (Wesleyan Congregational Methodist): The process to forgive sin, reconcile man to sanctify, and fully restore him. Grounded in God’s love, through Christ alone, and the work of the spirit.
Article 6. He ascended into heaven, and sits at the right hand of God the Father Almighty:
Traditional Christianity can easily agree this is where Jesus went to at his ascension, and where he will be until his return.
Article 7. From thence he shall come to judge the quick and the dead:
Lots of divergence in belief shows up here. Not so much along party lines, but more in how interpreting scriptural prophecy is managed. One thing is sure. Jesus will return. Believers will be raised and join him for eternity, while unbelievers face judgment. It is mostly the timing of events that are disputed.
ABA: The bodily resurrection of believers, just as Jesus was bodily resurrected. There is a Pre-millennial return of Christ. Begun with tribulation that ends the gentile age. The faithful are raised to eternal reward at this time. At the Ending of the millennium, the faithful continue in eternity with God,